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Science & Technology

Indo-German Cooperation in the areas of Science & Technology and Education

The Indo-German Science & Technology cooperative program is implemented under an Inter-governmental Agreement on “Cooperation in Scientific Research and Technological Development” signed in May 1974. The Department of Science & Technology (DST) from Indian and the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung - BMBF) from Germany are the nodal agencies for overall coordination of the programme.

An apex Indo-German Committee on S&T was established in 1994 to coordinate the implementation of the cooperation through joint review of the activities and suggesting measures towards enhancement of cooperation including those of DST, Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). So far 11 meetings of the S&T Joint Committee have taken place, the last of which was held in Berlin on 8 May 2017. The Indian side is co-chaired by Secretary DST and the German side by the State Secretary BMBF.

Modes of Cooperation

Various modes have been put in place for implementation and intensification of cooperation between India and Germany, under various arrangements for collaborative work in Science and Technology:

Joint research projects between institutions and scientists

Joint R&D projects in the 2+2 mode (R&D Institution and Industry on both sides)

Project based personnel exchange programme with emphasis on exchange of young PhD scholars (PPP Programmes)

Interaction between young Indian scientists/researchers with the Nobel Laureates in various fields

Joint Workshops / Seminar / Symposia / Schools / Trainings

Networked Partner Research groups

Participation in mega science projects

Mobility programmes

Indo-German collaborative programs/schemes:

(1) Indo-German Science and Technology Center (IGSTC)

The bilateral Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC) was established through an agreement signed in 2010 as a flagship initiative of Government of India, Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Government of Germany, (Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF) to foster and promote research partnership of industrial relevance. It is equally co-funded by Indian and German Governments (€ 4 million per year).

The center’s focus is to advance industrial research partnership with mutuality of interest and respect, develop knowledge networks for industrial sectors to enhance competitiveness, establish joint knowledge pools to address global challenges and to serve as a nerve centre to promote Indo-German technology partnership. The IGSTC collaborative research projects involves participation of one academic institution and one industry partner from each country (2+2 model). For implementing its mandate, the Centre invites proposals for organising Indo-German workshops in areas of mutual interest with an aim of creating platforms for substantive interactions between scientists / researchers from academia and industry. The Centre has so far funded 31 bilateral projects and supported 19 bilateral workshops on technology focused themes.

(2) DST- Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) Program

DST-DAAD Project based Personnel Exchange Programme (PPP) launched in 1998 has now expanded to several areas of research projects enabling focused interaction through exchange of scientists/ research students from each side. The PPP Scheme provided funding for a total of 123 researchers in 2018, with 70 researchers and PhD-students from India visiting German labs, while 53 German researchers and young academics visiting their respective partners in India. Till date, this scheme has been of benefit to about 600 researchers in both the countries.

Indo-German Centre for Sustainability (IGCS): DST and DAAD are also jointly supporting an Indo-German Centre on Sustainability at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras with Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH), Aachen University, Technische Universität 9 group (TU-9) and Christian-Albrechts-Universität (CAU), Kiel from Germany. The two sides have decided to support the 2nd phase of the Centre at the Inter-Governmental Consultations (IGC) in 2017 with focus on ‘climate change and influence on coastal infrastructure’.

(3) DST-Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Program

This Program implemented under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between DST and DFG, signed in 2005 aims to support joint research projects; support to use major facilities in Germany and India; establish International Research Training Groups (IRTG) and collaborative Research Centers. So far 49 joint research projects have been implemented under this program.

A “Programme of Cooperation” was signed between DST and DFG in 2018 which detailed the joint call for proposals, co-funding of large consortia with Indian and German researchers and support for the Nobel Laureate’s Meetings held annually in Lindau, Germany.

(4) Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Program

INSA and the Leopoldina work together to increase the visibility of the scientific communities in India and Germany and to intensify the dialogue between academics in both countries. The collaboration is based on a cooperation agreement signed in 2007 and extended in 2012.

The Leopoldina and INSA regularly organize interdisciplinary science symposia with high-profile speakers. The subject areas vary widely, ranging from medicine and microbiology to nanoscience and evolutionary biology.

(5) INSA - DFG Programme

The MoU between INSA and DFG signed in 2011 and the executive protocol of agreement of 2011 focuses on joint funding activities to increase bilateral scientific cooperation through workshops or mobility funding to initiate joint projects. Under this scheme, INSA nominates approx. 25 – 30 Indian researchers every year to visit Germany in order to initiate collaborative projects. In the year 2019, 18 candidates were selected in 2019 for the bilateral exchange programme.

(6) DBT- DFG Program

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and DFG signed a Programme of Cooperation (POC) in 2012 to support research collaborations and to facilitate individual and institutional bilateral research projects through appropriate funding mechanisms. The funding covers Research Grants (Bilateral research grants on one-to-one basis), Mobility Grants and Workshops, Seminars.

Other funding mechanisms between DBT and DFG include Indo-German International Research Training Groups (ITRGs), Collaborative Research Centers (CRCs) cooperation in the field of Medical Biotechnology, Agricultural Biotechnology, Innovative Food & Nutrition Technology, Medical devices and Bioengineering, Environmental Biotechnology, etc. The Indo-German Research Unit, “Social-Ecological Systems in the Indian Rural-Urban Interface” (Bangalore / Kassel / Gottingen) is co-funded by DBT and DFG.

(7) DST-Max Planck Gessellschaft (MPG) Program

Under an MoU signed between the Max Planck Society and DST signed in 2004, bilateral cooperation between Indian and German Partner Institutes is being promoted. Under this program, funding for Partner Groups, Mobility Grants and Kick-off workshops are being provided. In 2018, 935 guest scientists and fellowship holders from India visited different Max Planck Institutes in Germany. And a total of 64 projects were undertaken by the Max Planck Institutes with Indian partners.

Mobility Grants: Under this scheme excellent young Indian scientists are awarded a travel grant of € 3,000 per year for a period of three years from the MPG and must stay a minimum of 1 month at an MPI per year. Since its establishment, a total of 65 Mobility Grants have been awarded.

The aim of Kick-off workshops is to enable the scientists from Max Planck Institutes to acquaint themselves more closely with research conditions in India and to make initial contacts to Indian scientists. 33 of such kick-off workshops have been conducted so far under this programme.

In addition, the Indo-German Max Planck-NCBS Center for Research on Lipids at the National Center for Biological Sciences in Bengaluru was established in 2011. The Max Planck Collaboration in Computer Science (IMPECS) was established as a Max Planck Center in 2010 and is presently supported as a collaboration by the MPIs for Softwaresystems and Informatics since 2016.

(8) Nobel Laureates meetings in Lindau, Germany

The Lindau Meetings, which started in 1951, have evolved into a unique international forum for scientific exchange among scientists of different generations, cultures, and disciplines. Once every year, around 30-40 Nobel Laureates convene in Lindau to meet approximately 600 undergraduates, PhD students, and post-doc researchers from all over the world. DST has so far deputed about 350 young researchers from India in the age group of 20-30 years during last 16 years to the meeting.

After attending the Lindau meeting every year, the young Indian researchers are exposed to the various premier research institutes in Germany sponsored by DFG, Germany. Many of the young Indian researchers who participated in Nobel Laureates meeting have opted for scientific research as career path. The recent Lindau meeting held in June 2019 was in the area of cosmology, particle physics and quantum technology which was attended by 22 young scientists and students from India.

(9) Indian participation in Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) project of Germany

An international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is currently under construction at the GSI Helmholtz zentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany. It is one of the world’s largest research project and is being realized in international cooperation. For the realization of FAIR, the FAIR GmbH, an international company under German law, was founded and a dedicated contract under international law was signed in 2010 by the shareholders. The shareholders of FAIR come from the following countries: Finland, France, Germany, India, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Sweden, whereas the United Kingdom is associated, and the Czech Republic is aspirant partner. The FAIR Convention and Act was signed by Secretary, DST on behalf of Government of India on 4th October 2010 in Germany.

Bose Institute, Kolkata, an autonomous grant-in-aid institute of DST, is the nodal implementing institution for this project in India. However, many academic and research institutions across the country would also be participating in this project once it is completed. The current completion date for the intermediate objective, which includes most of the civil construction works and the installation of the corresponding FAIR equipment, is expected to be in Quarter 4 of 2025 and the start of first experiments in the middle of 2027.

(10) India - Germany cooperation in Synchrotron Research (DESY) Hamburg

As one of Germany’s largest research centres, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) carries out fundamental research in areas that creates new knowledge and conceptual approaches. This research is expected to form the basis on which the challenges of the future can be mastered; issues such as energy supply, climate protection and healthcare that require long-term thinking, sustainable solutions and new technologies.

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata and DESY, Germany signed one of the four major Cooperation Agreements in 2011 under which DST is extending support for this programme. India contributed €14 million for the construction and operation of a beamline in one of the PETRA III extensions and in return would get access to 1.3 beamline-year time across the entire facility. The India centric beam line was inaugurated in 2016. India@DESY Phase-I which concluded on 31 March 2019 had 500 users from 64 different Indian institutions utilizing the beamline for their cutting-edge research.

(11) DST-Alexander von Humboldt Program on Frontiers of Engineering

An MoU for organizing Indo-German seminar on Frontiers of Engineering (INDOGFOE) was concluded in February 2008 between the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH) and DST to organize inter-disciplinary seminars with participation of 35-40 bright young engineers from both sides for networking and discussing latest topics in engineering sciences and technology. So far, 10 such symposia were organized in India and Germany.

IGSTC and AvH jointly launched the IGSTC-CONNECT Plus Programme in May 2018. The Programme was aimed at boosting Indo-German networking and long-term collaboration among the participants of the INDOGFOE. It supports INDOGFOE alumni with follow-up programs with residence allowances for working visits in their partner country for up to 30 days.

(12) Ministry of Earth Science (MoES) - Helmholtz Association and Leibniz Center

Helmholtz Association and MoES cooperate in two major areas, viz., Earth System Sciences and Marine Sciences and Coastal Sustainability.

German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ) and MoES cooperate in scientific planning and management of the earth science drilling programme known as “International Continental Drilling Programme” (ICDP).

MoES had taken the initiative with the Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT), Bremen, to organize a workshop on “Indo-German Workshop on Marine Sciences and Coastal Sustainability” in August 2018 as part of the MoU between Leibniz Association and DST.

(13) Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR)

(i) ICMR - Helmholtz program

An MoU was signed between ICMR and Helmholtz Association in 2017 to promote research in the area of Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR). ICMR and Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Germany jointly organized an Indo-German workshop on AMR during January 2018 at New Delhi under this programme.

(ii) ICMR- DFG Programme

In order to strengthen cooperation in the field of Medical Sciences / Health Research, an MoU between ICMR and DFG is being negotiated.

(14) TU9-IIT Cooperation

(i) TU9-IIT Mandi

IIT at Mandi in Himachal Pradesh collaborates with TU-9 for which the University of Stuttgart is the champion institution in this partnership. Under the MoU signed in 2011, the focus is on the exchange of academic information, scholarly information and materials and publications, exchange of students and faculty. As a positive result of the partnership collaboration the numbers of research and faculty exchanges between IIT Mandi and German institutes have intensified by many folds since 2011.

(ii) TU9 – IIT, Indore

Technische Universität (TU9) - IIT Indore and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) collaborate closely under the new TU9-IIT initiative. IIT Indore had signed an MoU in 2016 with some TU9 universities and top research institutes in Germany to promote exchange of faculty and students, joint supervision of M.S. and Ph.D. students, development of joint curricula and for organization of joint research programs.

(15) Partnership in Higher Education

In order to intensify the bilateral cooperation between India and Germany in Higher Education, an MoU was signed between BMBF and Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India in 2013. During the last Inter Governmental Consultations in 2019, the funding period for the Indo-German Partnership in Higher Education was further extended for four more years from 2020 to 2024. Under this arrangement several partnership programs in Education with different Universities are being initiated. The cooperation agreement is implemented by University Grants Commission (UGC) in India and DAAD in Germany.

(15) Indian Students in Germany

Student community form an important component in the Indo-German bilateral cooperation. The number of Indian students in Germany has steadily risen from 4070 in 2009 to 20810 in 2019 (Source: Studentenstatistik Statistisches Bundesamt; Berechnungen DZHW/ www.wissenschaft-weltoffen.de 2019). To address the various issues faced by the Indian students and to provide them with relevant and beneficial information, the Indian Students in Germany "www.indianstudentsgermany.org" (ISG), portal was conceptualised and operationalised with the efforts of the Embassy of India, Berlin. With the idea of the portal being "for the students, by the students", student associations were involved from the inception to maintain, update, populate this website and to respond to student queries. The formation of the ISG provided the platform for formation of several student associations across Germany. Till date, 23 student associations are registered with the ISG web portal and several others are in the process of registration.

 

Indo-German programmes in Science, Technology & Innovation

 

The Indo-German Science and Technology Center - Detailed programmes to promote Indo-German bilateral collaborations in the areas of Science, Technology and Innovation can be found at:

https://www.igstc.org/

 

India Science Technology & Innovation

http://www.indiascienceandtechnology.gov.in/

India @DESY:

http://photon-science.desy.de/users_area/user_guide/indiadesy_user_information/index_eng.html

Funding Opportunities for Indo-German Fundamental Research Projects in the Life Sciences

https://euraxess.ec.europa.eu/worldwide/india/funding-opportunities-indo-german-fundamental-research-projects-life-sciences

India in FAIR:

https://fair-center.eu/partners/in-india.html

Indo-German Center for Sustainability

http://www.igcs-chennai.rwth-aachen.de/

Indo-German Max Planck Centers

https://www.mpg.de/297106/Indo_German_Max_Planck_Center

IIT-TU9 Collaboration

http://international.iiti.ac.in/tu9/index.php

German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)

https://www.daad.de/en/

DAAD Scholarship

https://daadscholarship.com

Working Internships in Science and Engineering (WISE)

https://www2.daad.de/deutschland/stipendium/datenbank/en/21148-scholarship-database/?daad=1&detail=50015295&origin=4&page=1&q=wise&status=1&subjectGrps=

Research Internships in Science and Engineering (RISE)

https://www.daad.de/rise/en/

DAAD- Bilateral Exchange of Academics

https://www2.daad.de/deutschland/stipendium/datenbank/en/21148-scholarship-database/?status=5&origin=4&subjectGrps=&daad=1&q=&page=1&detail=50015508

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) – India Programmes

https://www.dfg.de/en/dfg_profile/head_office/dfg_abroad/india/index.html

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) - Indian National Science Academy (INSA) Programme

https://www.dfg.de/en/dfg_profile/international_cooperation/
international_context/partner_organisations/india/insa/index.html

IGSTC and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH) CONNECT Plus Programme

https://www.igstc.org/home/connect_plus

National Academy of Science and Engineering

https://en.acatech.de/academy/

 

Doing Research in Germany

https://www.research-in-germany.org/en.html

 

 

India's Scientific Departments/Agencies and Affiliated Institutions

 

Department of Science & Technology:

http://www.dst.gov.in/

Department of Biotechnology:

http://dbtindia.gov.in/

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research:

https://www.csir.res.in/

Indian Council of Medical Research:

https://www.icmr.nic.in/

Indian Council of Agricultural Research:

https://icar.org.in/

Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH):

http://ayush.gov.in/

Ministry of Earth Sciences:

https://moes.gov.in/

Department of Atomic Energy:

http://www.dae.gov.in/

 

 

Science and Technology Institutions in India

 

Indian Institutes of Technology:

https://www.mhrd.gov.in/iits

Indian Institutes of Science, Education & Research:

https://mhrd.gov.in/iisc-bangalore-iisers

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore:

https://mhrd.gov.in/iisc-bangalore-iisers

National Institutes of Technologies:

https://www.mhrd.gov.in/nits

Central Universities:

https://mhrd.gov.in/central-universities

 

Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Support in India

 

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council:

http://www.birac.nic.in/

Technology Development Board:

http://tdb.gov.in/

National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Board:

http://www.nstedb.com/index.htm

National Innovation Foundation:

http://nif.org.in/

 

 

Academic Research Collaboration [India and the World]

 

Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC):

https://sparc.iitkgp.ac.in/index.php

Visiting Advanced Joint Research (VAJRA):

http://dst.gov.in/vajra

Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN):

http://www.gian.iitkgp.ac.in/

Indo-German Partnership in Higher Education Programme:

https://www2.daad.de/presse/pressemitteilungen/en/37758-indo-german-partnership-in-higher-education-programme-/

 

 

Opportunities for Indian Researchers in India

 

Re-entry Fellowships for Indian Scientists working abroad:

 

http://www.dbtindia.nic.in/funding-mechanism/fellowships-for-scientists/

 

http://biomebiotek.blogspot.com/2011/08/ramanujan-felllowship-from-dst.html

 

 

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